After “What drives motivation?“, check “Drive” from Dan Pink!
Some excerpts :
psychologist, Swarthmore College: Money isn’t a natural part of anything we do. It’s not a part of practicing medicine. You know, the natural thing to practicing medicine is healing people. Getting paid for it is unnatural, similarly with law and with any profession, teaching. So, maybe what happens is that what money does is, it disconnects people from the real point and purpose of their activity.
It created in people who ran these companies unbelievable short term-ism, because all that mattered was making the company look good for the next quarter or the next year, so that they would get a huge bonus in the form of stock options, which they would then cash in. And what the consequence was for the company five years down the road was of no concern to them — a disaster.